Contemporary Aesthetics of the Akurino: A Religion or a Cultural Movement?

Gitau Muthuma


This paper examines the aesthetics of the worship rituals, music, artifacts and the oral tradition of the Holy Ghost Church of East Africa, or Akurino religious sect, which is a unique blend of Christian religious practices and traditional African worship systems. The main question here is whether the Akurino are a Christian religious sect or a cultural movement? The Akurino are significantly interesting due to the fact that they claim to be an indigenous African Christian religion, among many such others. But the fact that they are mostly found in Central Kenya and the Rift Valley regions, and are confined among the Gikuyu people only and have not attracted adherents from other segments of society, raises the question as to whether they may not also be a cult or a cultural movement. The Akurino started appearing in the middle of the 1920s. They grew strictly out of indigenous leadership. Their first generation membership came out of various missions as well as the unchurched population that followed Gikuyu traditional religion. The group was in its infancy and was functioning in various parts of Gikuyu country, but had little influence with the general population, its appeal being to such individuals as had been pronounced 'sinners' by missionaries, and to others who had been cured of diseases.


Article received: December 18, 2019; Article accepted: January 31, 2020; Published online: April 15, 2020; Review article

How to cite the article: Muthuma, Gitau. "Contemporary Aesthetics of the Akurino: A Religion or a Cultural Movement?" AM Journal of Art and Media Studies 21 (2020): 59-69. doi: 10.25038/am.v0i21.369


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