As the ‘Intellectual Subject’ of Artificial Intelligence – The Intrinsic Understanding of Artificial Intelligence on The Ideas of ‘Time’ and ‘Space’

Shi Tianyu


Presupposing artificial intelligence (AI) is an ‘intellectual subject’ rather than merely a product of complex operation is a prerequisite to discussing how AI and human intelligence inherently understand time and space. This article argues that AI as an intellectual subject and human intelligence have their respective origins and connotations, and different intelligent characteristics also lead to the difference between them in the way of inherently understanding time and space; different inherent understandings of time and space and whether to think with time and space as an ‘object’ are the underlying differences between AI and human intelligence. Meanwhile, so far AI is unable to process space-time issues by means of ‘non-objectification’.


Article received: April 26, 2019; Article accepted: July 6, 2019; Published online: October 15, 2019; Original scholarly paper

How to cite this article:  Tianyu, Shi. "As the ‘Intellectual Subject’ of Artificial Intelligence – The Intrinsic Understanding of Artificial Intelligence on The Ideas of ‘Time’ and ‘Space’." AM Journal of Art and Media Studies 20 (2019): 125-135. doi. 10.25038/am.v0i20.328


artificial intelligence; intellectual subject; time; space; objectification.

Full Text:



Bergson, Herni. Time and Free Will. Beijing: Commercial Press, 1997.

Descartes, René. Meditations on First Philosophy. Beijing: Commercial Press, 1989.

Descartes, René. Philosophies of Western European Countries from the 16th to the 18th Centuries. Beijing: Commercial Press, 1975.

Goodfellow, Ian, Yoshua Bengio, Aaron Courville. Deep Learning. Translated by Zhao Shenjian et al., Beijing: Posts and Telecom Press, 2017.

Hua, Gao & Yu Jiayuan. “Philosophical Dilemma and Future Developments of Knowledge Acquisition in Artificial Intelligence.” Philosophical Trends 4 (2006): 45–50.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. Phenomenology of Perception. Translated by Jiang Zhihui, Beijing: Commercial Press, 2001.

Norvig, Peter and Stuart. J. Russell. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach. Translated by Yin Jianping et al. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2013.

Spinoza, Baruch. Ethics. Beijing: Commercial Press, 1981.

Sumei, Cheng & Yao Yanqin. “The Confluence between Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence: Interviewing Hubert Dreyfus and Stuart Dreyfus.” Philosophical Trends 11 (2013): 102–107.

Tegmark, Max. Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2017.

Xianglong, Zhang. “Artificial Intelligence and General Philosophy of Mind-On the Connotations of Deep Learning and Time in Mind.” Philosophical Trends 4 (2018): 13–22.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 AM Journal of Art and Media Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

The content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

AM Journal of Art and Media Studies ISSN 2217-9666 - printed, ISSN 2406-1654 - online, UDK 7.01:316.774


Publisher: Faculty of Media and Communications, Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia

Indexed in: ERIH PLUSEBSCODOAJ, and in The List of Scientific Journals Categorization of Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia (M24-2021). Beginning with No. 12 2017, AM is indexed, abstracted and covered in Clarivate Analytics service ESCI.